ELEMENTARY GRAMMAR OF THE LATIN LANGUAGE,
WITH A SERIES OF LATIN AND ENGLISH EXERCISES FOR TRANSLATION AND
A COLLECTION OF LATIN READING LESSONS,
WITH THE REQUISITE VOCABULARIES.
R. Raphael Kühner,
translated from the German
J. T. CHAMPLIN,
professor of Greek and Latin in Waterville college.
B O S T O N :
JAMES MUNROE and company.
2. Pronunciation of the Letters.
C before e, i, y, ae, oe, eu, is pronounced like s, but in
other cases like k, as: celsus (selsus) cicer, cymba, caecus,
ceu, coelum; but, caro (karo), collum, custos, clamor;
Ch is pronounced like k;
Gu before a vowel in the same syllable like gw, as: lingua;
Ph like our f, as: pharêtra;
Rh as a simple r, as: Rhea;
Sch like sk, as: schola (skola);
Qu is pronounced like kw, as: aqua;
Su before a vowel in the same syllable like sw, as: suasor;
Ti before a vowel is pronounced like shi, as: actio
(acshio). But if the i is long, the hissing sound disappears,
as: totius. Besides, ti (with the i short) is pronounced
without the hissing sound: a) if there is immediately before the t another t, an s, or an a, as: Attius, ostium, mixtio; b) in Greek words as: Miltiades, tiāra.