PRACTICAL AND PROGRESSIVE LATIN GRAMMAR.
by THOMAS CLARK,
a new and carefully revised edition, to which has been added a second, or
full course of the Latin grammar
Charles de Silver & sons,
There are twenty-four letters in the Latin language, or with k twenty-five, namely : a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, (k), l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, x, y, z.
The exact pronunciation of these letters not being accurately known, the different nations pronounce them, nearly as they do the letters of their own alphabet.
The vowels are a, e, i, o, u, (y). These were, in all probability, pronounced as the Italians now pronounce them; that is, a like a in far, e like a in fate, i like e in me, o like o in no, u like u in bull; y is not properly a Latin vowel, but is used to express the Greek υ in Greek words, and by the Romans was pronounced like their i.
Of the diphthongs, it may be observed that æ and œ are sounded like e.