klausnick/莫罗佐夫·尼科莱/профан (klausnick) wrote,


To start with, it turned out that many languages contradict Berlin
and Kay's extensions to Geiger's sequence, for they show that brown is
not always the first color to receive a name after blue. What is more,
later revisions had to abandon the claim that there are exactly eleven
universal foci that correspond neatly to the English colors white, black,
red, green, yellow, blue, brown, purple, pink, orange, and gray. In light
of the new data, the alleged universal status of five of the foci-brown,
purple, pink, orange, and gray-could no longer be defended, and the
revised theory concentrated only on the six "major" foci: white, black,
red, green, yellow, and blue. But even with these major colors, the foci
turned out to be less uniform across languages than Berlin and Kay had
initially assumed, as speakers' choices in some languages strayed significantly
from what were meant to be the universal foci. And finally,
the larger database revealed languages that lump together under one
concept combinations of foci that were deemed impossible in Berlin
and Kay's original model.
Tags: цвета, языки

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