September 23rd, 2021

финик и хурма (одно слово для двух разных фруктов)


АРАБСКИЙ

АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКИЙ

АРМЯНСКИЙ

ГРЕЧЕСКИЙ

ГРУЗИНСКИЙ

КАЗАХСКИЙ

КИРГИЗСКИЙ

ПЕРСИДСКИЙ

ПУШТУ

ТАДЖИКСКИЙ

ТУРЕЦКИЙ
финик تَمْرَةٌ

بَلَحَةٌ
هَنَمَةٌ
رُطَبَةٌ
xurma խուրմայի պտուղ
khurmayi ptugh
φρούτο χουρμάς

φοίνικας
ფინიკის ხილი
pinik’is khili
құрма
qurma j
курма
kurma
خرما
كجوره

خرما хурмо

финиковая пальма нахли хурмо
hurma
хурма التين الكاكي
الكاكا
لقاقا
الخرما
برسيمون
birsimun
بيريسيمين
xurma Խուրման
khurman
Διόσπυρος
Διόσπυπος
Λωτός
ხურმა
khurma
құрма
qurma
курма
kurma
خرمالو
خرما
پرسیمون Хурмо Trabzon hurması

hurma ağacı
شير خرما shīr-ḵẖurmā, Dates and milk.
آلو
ālū
, Defiled, contaminated; a brick-kiln; a name of various fruits; a plum; a yam; — ālūʼi buḵẖārā, ālūʼi jīlī, ālūʼi kishta, Different kinds of plum; — ālūʼi dashti, A medlar; — ālūʼi malqolm, Potato (called after Sir John Malcolm).
خرما ḵẖurmā, A date; — ḵẖurmāʼi abū jahl, A sort of date; — ḵẖurmāʼi bī-ḵẖasta (in the language of the sodomites), The penis; — ḵẖurmāʼi kūr, A date without sweetness, or ill-tasting; — ḵẖurmāʼi-hindī, A tamarind; — ham ḵẖurmā wa ham s̤awāb ast, It is both a duty and a pleasure (alluding to the practice of breaking one's fast with a date only, which is considered meritorious).
H کهجور खजूर khajūr [Prk. खज्जूरो, or खज्जूरं; S. खर्जूरः, or खर्जूरं], s.m. & f. The date-tree, Phœnix dactylifera; the wild date, P. silvestris; — a date

date (n.2)







"fruit of the date-palm," c. 1300, from Old French date, from Old Provençal datil, from Latin dactylus, from Greek daktylos "date," originally "finger, toe." Said to be so called because of fancied resemblance between oblong fruit of the date palm and human digits, but some say it is from the resemblance of the plant's leaves to the palm of the hand. It's also possible that this sense of daktylos is a word from a Semitic source (compare Hebrew deqel, Aramaic diqla, Arabic daqal "date palm") that has been assimilated by folk-etymology to the Greek word for "finger." Date-palm is from 1837; the earlier word was date-tree (c. 1400).