September 30th, 2014

Путевые записки по многимъ россiйскимъ губернiямъ

Путевые записки по многимъ россiйскимъ губернiямъ

1820

Статскаго совѣтника Гаврiила Геракова

44
Тутъ начинаются горы, зеленью покрытыя, и до  самой Алексѣевки: Саратовской Губернiи, деревни моего товарища с 1500 душъ. Сколько мы были восхищены въ Богородицкомъ селѣ или Капцове, столько здѣсь не то по всѣмъ отношенiямъ; отъ чего же такая разность? От того, что бурмистръ не по выбору крестьянъ.
… принесли и стерлядей  и осетра аршина полтора длиною…
… а я обходилъ избы, и по распросамъ моимъ, много крестьянъ имѣютъ по десяти лошадей, столько же коровъ и по пятидесяти овецъ, а бурмистръ и въ пятеро болѣе, не говоря о деньгахъ; отъ чего же церковь Божiя въ бѣдности, и мало было и бываетъ у обѣдни?
 

Dame Duck's Lessons to her Ducklings

Dame Duck's Lessons to her Ducklings ...

Old Mother Duck[НВ1] has hatched[НВ2] a brood[НВ3]

Of ducklings, small and callow[НВ5] :

Their little wings[НВ7] are short, their down[НВ8]

Is mottled[НВ10] grey and yellow.


[НВ1] Origin of DUCK

Middle English duk, doke, from Old English dūce

First Known Use: before 12th century

[НВ2]}Origin of HATCH

Middle English hacchen; akin to Middle High German heckento mate

First Known Use: 13th century

[НВ3Origin of BROOD

Middle English, from Old English brōd; akin to Middle High German bruot brood and perhaps to Old English beormayeast — more at barm

First Known Use: before 12th century

[НВ5]Origin of CALLOW

Middle English calu bald, from Old English; akin to Old High German kalo bald, Old Church Slavic golŭ bare

First Known Use: 1580

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English calwe (bald), from Old English calu (callow, bare, bald), from Proto-Germanic *kalwaz (bare, naked, bald), from Proto-Indo-European*gAlw- (naked, bald). Cognate with West Frisian keal (bald), Dutch kaal (bald), German kahl (bald), Russian голый (gólyj, nude).

{C}[НВ7]{C}Origin of WING

Middle English winge, of Scandinavian origin; akin to Dan & Swedish vinge wing; akin to Sanskrit vāti it blows — more atwind

First Known Use: 13th century

[НВ8]Origin of DOWN

Middle English doun, from Old Norse dūnn

First Known Use: 14th century

[НВ10]Origin of MOTTLE

probably back-formation from motley

First Known Use: 1676