April 6th, 2012

Заблуждение и блуждание

Заблуждение и блуждание
Вчерашний текст Эдит подсказал идею данного поста.
В русском языке есть глагол, разные виды которого имеют разное лексическое значение.
Совершенный вид.
ЗАБЛУДИТЬСЯ. Сбиться с пути, потерять дорогу, потерять представление о том, где находишься. Синонимы: заплутаться (прост.), запутаться (прост.).
Несовершенный вид. 
ЗАБЛУЖДАТЬСЯ. Иметь неправильное, ошибочное мнение о ком-либо,чём-либо, превратно судить о ком-либо, чём-либо. Синонимы: ошибаться, обманываться. Заблуждаться: ~ в суждениях, в мыслях; ~ относительно кого-либо, чего-либо; ~ насчёт этого человека; ~ на свой счёт. 
Возможно, это единственный случай в русском языке. 

Допрос пленного

Стой!

Seis!

Бросить оружие и выйти с поднятыми руками!

Heitä aseet pois ja tule esiin kädet pään päällä!

Руки вверх!

Kädet ylös! 

Молчать, а то прикончу!

Olla vaiti, vai minä tapan sinut!  

Иди сюда!

Tulkaa tänne! 

Где остальные? Сколько?

Missä ovat toiset? montako miesta?

Ползи туда!

Ryömiä tuonne!

Не двигайся, а то убью!

Älä liiku, vai minä tapan sinut! 

Куда ведёт эта дорога?

Minne tämä tie johtaa? 

(no subject)

A Discourse Concerning the Confusion of Languages at Babel: Proving it to Have Been Miraculous, from the Essential Difference Between Them, Contrary to the Opinion of Mons. Le Clerc, and Others : with an Enquiry Into the Primitive Language, Before that Wonderful Event

By William Wotton

printed for S. Austen; and W. Bowyer, 1730

Всего страниц: 70

A Roman would say Vir, or Homo ; a Greek, νθρωπος , a Hebrew, Ish. This I call Material in these Languages. But the several Ways by which these Nouns are declined, is what I call formal in these several Tongues. The Latins and Greeks vary their Nouns by Terminations, as Vir, Viri, Viro, Virum… So did the ancient Germans. Saxons and Danes ; since the Norman Invasion we have shortened our Nouns, and what the Romans and Greeks call the Nominative Case, denotes now with us the whole Noun, as it always did in the East. We decline by the Prepositions to, from, of, the, in both Numbers. The Hebrews have no different Termination in the same Number, but only vary thus, Ish, Man, Ishim, Men; Ishah, Woman, Ishoth, Women. The rest is varied by Prepositions inseparably affixed to the Words, as Ha-ish, the Man; Le-ish, to the Man; Be-ish. in the Man ; and the like. These Prepositions thus joined make one Word with the Noun to which they are affixed; which Way of altering the Signification by these single Letters (for the Vowels in Ha, Le, Be, stand for nothing) which answer the End of entire Words in other Languages, is peculiar to those Eastern Tongues which have an Affinity with the Hebrew, and is no where seen in the Languages which come from a Latin or Teutonic Original.

Вопрос взаимопонимания

Вопрос взаимопонимания
На встрече лидеров Ирана, Афганистана и Таджикистана обходятся без переводчиков, хотя каждый из них говорит на своём родном языке. 
На встрече лидеров Эстонии, Литвы и Латвии тоже обходятся без переводчиков, потому что переговоры ведутся на русском языке. 

Статистика

Статистика.
На сегодняшний день у меня 196 читателей (френдов) номинально. В действительности меня читают около 60 человек, когда что-то публикую, то есть во френте, и около восьми блогеров заходят ко мне нарочно в день, когда ничего не публикую.
Я регулярный читатель (френд) 141 блогера. Сам же я френту читаю очень редко. Зато почти каждый день захожу в блоги примерно 25 ЖЖистов. Это те, кто не только пишет достаточно часто, но кто пишет интересно и к чьим постам бывают интересные комментарии. 

He had seen the Czar of Muscovy through a hole at Sea, lye with Prince Alexander

The Gay Subculture
in Early Eighteenth-Century London


To further incite Minton, Rigby asserted "That the French King did it, and the Czar of Muscovy made Alexander, a Carpenter, a Prince for that purpose, and affirmed, He had seen the Czar of Muscovy through a hole at Sea, lye with Prince Alexander". Rigby must have observed this incident during Peter the Great's visit to England from 11 January through 21 April 1698, aboard the royal yacht, or perhaps during Peter's two-month stay in Deptford to examine the shipyards, where he caroused with the English sailors, or perhaps in the course of the sham naval battle that was staged for Peter's entertainment on a visit to Portsmouth.

Peter hired John Evelyn's house at Says Court in Deptford for his stay, and Evelyn's servant wrote to say that the house was "full of people, and right nasty";7 the Russians behaved in a brutish fashion, and the house was wrecked and in need of repair when they departed. Captain Rigby might well have had some official role to play during this state visit of a monarch whose obsession was the building of ships. Rigby had been made captain of the Mermaid fireship in 1693, and from 1695 until his arrest he commanded the Dragon, a 40 gun man of war in the squadron under Commodore Moody; he had taken two valuable prizes in the Mediterranean, and was an officer of some small fame. The 26- year-old Czar was accompanied on this trip by Alexander Danilovich Menshikov, the handsome lad he had picked up in the slums of Moscow, possibly as a prostitute, who had become his constant companion, and who was to become the virtual ruler of Russia during Catherine's brief reign, and then Prince Regent during the reign of Peter's grandson. Peter sailed back to Europe on the Royal Transport, a gift from King William. I believe this is the earliest contemporary reference to Peter the Great's homosexuality, which has not been mentioned in biographies of him. Whether Rigby actually saw Peter and Alexander making love, he was certainly aware of their relationship.