Orchard, a garden of fruit-trees. The older form is ortgeard. We also find wyrtgeard, to translate Lat. promptuarium. Ortgeard and wyrtgeard are mere variants, both signifying ‘wort-yard’, i.e. yard of worts or vegetables. The form ort is due to a Teutonic type URTI, put for WARTI; and the form wyrt to a Teut. WORTI, also put for WARTI.
WORT, a plant. A.S. wyrt, a wort. Closely allied to Wart and Root.
A plant, herb, or vegetable, used for food or medicine; often = pot-herb.
Not in ordinary use after the middle of the 17th cent. and now arch. As a second element, however, retained in various plant-names, as colewort, liverwort.
YARD, an enclosed space. A.S. geard, an enclosure, court. Russ. gorod. From the Teut. base GARDA = Aryan GHARTA, a yard, court, enclosure. √ GHAR, to seize, hence to enclose. Skt. hri, to take, Gk.χείρ, the hand.
WART, a small hard excrescence, on the skin, or on trees. A.S. wearte, pl. weartan. From Teut. Type WARTAN or